Resources > Section 17 > J-1 Visa Application & US Entry > Exchange visitor (J-1) visa
#17-28Visa denials & administrative processingPDFReturnURL
After being accepted to a BridgeUSA J-1 Exchange Visitor by a designated sponsor and issued Form DS-2019 and SEVIS ID, prospective exchange visitors will apply for a J-1 visa at a US embassy or consulate (Canadians apply for J-1 status at a US port of entry).
Generally, a visa applicant is interviewed by a consular officer. If the applicant fails to establish that s/he is eligible for a visa, the consular officer will refuse the application, and you will be provided a reason for the denial.
If the consular officer finds that you are not eligible to receive a visa under US law, your visa application can be refused. Common reasons for visa denials are:

• Insufficient information to determine
• Does not qualify for the visa category
• Falls within the scope of one of the inadmissibility or ineligibility grounds of the law
• Current and/or past actions, e.g., criminal activities

In some cases, the consular officer sends a case to DC or related agency for further clearance or evaluation. This Is called administrative processing.

Administrative processes can delay visa issuance by several weeks or even months. Most administrative processes are resolved within 60 days of the visa interview, but the actual time vary depending on individual circumstances of each case. At the conclusion of the processing, the consular officer may either approve or conclude that the applicant remains ineligible for a visa.

If denied a visa, the applicant is typically notified of the section of law which applies and if s/he may apply for a waiver of their ineligibility. Some ineligibilities can be overcome; other ineligibilities are non-negotiable and permanent.

If you believe that you have been denied entry for no legitimate reason, with the exception of 221(g) refusals, you may reapply by submitting a new visa application and paying the visa application fee again. If you were found ineligible under section 214(b), you should be able to present evidence of significant changes in circumstances since your last application.

Section 212(a). Application pending processing of a waiver of ineligibility by the Department of Homeland Security

Section212(b). Applicant is presumed to have an immigrant intent and failed to demonstrate strong ties with their home country and/or those who failed to sufficiently demonstrate that they qualify for the nonimmigrant visa category they applied for. There is no appeal process. To reapply, you must complete a new application.

Section 212(e). If you are ineligible for a visa based on one or more of the laws listed in Section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), you may be able to apply for a waiver of ineligibility.

Section 212 (g). It prohibits the issuance of a visa to anyone whose application does not comply with the provisions of the INA or related regulations. If your application for a visa has been refused under Section 221(g) INA, you will have been provided with a letter explaining the steps you are required to take. You will likely be asked to submit a document or simply wait (administrative processing) until the process is resolved.